Lund center for Stem Cell Biology and Cell Therapy is one of six Swedish strategic centers of excellence in life sciences, supported by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research. Established in January 2003, the center focuses on stem cell and developmental biology of the central nervous and blood systems, and development of stem cell and cell replacement therapies in these organ systems as well as research in non-mammalian model systems.
The immune system recognizes and protects our body against different types of pathogens and is divided into the innate and adaptive immunity. While the adaptive T and B lymphocytes provide long-lasting specific protection, the innate immune system represents the fast first line of the defense. Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that belong to the innate immune system, where they play a central role in rapidly eliminating virus-infected and transformed cancer cells. NK-cells are not only specialized in killing these target cells, but they also produce regulatory cytokines that increase the response of the adaptive immune system.
Congratulations to Stefan Scheding, who was recently awarded 2 million SEK funding from The Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation to develop a method that enables the removal of tumor cells from stem cell transplants. This year, six out of ten proposals within the call for research and development projects in medical engineering received funding.
Blood transfusions are vital, but demand for blood far exceeds supply all over the world. In India and China, for example, relatives are usually called upon to give blood in the case of an accident or an operation. An international conference in Lund, Sweden, the first of its kind, will now discuss various possible alternative treatment methods with the potential to complement or even replace blood transfusion. These alternatives include re-programmed skin cells and haemoglobin from sugarbeet.